We all need regular vitamin D for healthy bones and muscles. Vitamin D is made in the skin by sunlight and food containing the vitamin, such as oily fish, red meat, dairy products, orange juice and cereal.
Public Health England recommends a daily intake of 10 micrograms and says that if you eat a healthy balanced diet and get some sun then it is likely you’ll be getting enough vitamin D during spring and summer. However, during autumn and winter it is difficult to achieve the recommended daily intake, due to the lack of sunlight, thus daily supplements may be worth consideration.
People with dark skin, from African, Afro-Caribbean and South Asian backgrounds, may need to consider taking supplements all year round, as they may not be getting enough vitamin D during the summer.
The recommendation by Public Health England follows existing guidelines in the Netherlands, Nordic countries, France, Germany and the USA.