The International Agency for Research on Cancer’s new code recommends 12 lifestyle measures to boost cancer prevention:
- Do not smoke.
- Make your home smoke free.
- Maintain a healthy body weight.
- Be physically active. Limit the time you spend sitting.
- Have a healthy diet, containing plenty of whole grains, pulses, vegetables and fruits. Limit high-calorie foods and avoid sugary drinks. Also avoid processed meat and limit red meat and foods high in salt.
- Limit alcohol consumption. Not drinking alcohol is better for cancer prevention.
- Avoid too much sun, especially for children. Use sun protection and do not use sunbeds.
- Protect yourself against cancer-causing substances by following health and safety instructions in the workplace.
- Ensure you are not exposed to radiation from naturally high radon levels in your home. Take action to reduce high radon levels.
- For women – breastfeed your baby if you can, as this reduces the mother’s cancer risk. Hormone replacement therapy also increases the risk of certain cancers.
- Make sure your children are vaccinated against hepatitis B (for new borns) and human papillomavirus (for girls).
- Take part in organised cancer screening programmes for bowel cancer (men and women), breast cancer (women) and cervical cancer (women).
Image: Dollar Photo Club