New research on how to stay cool during heatwaves

Brighton University is researching ways the elderly can stay cool during heatwaves.

Elderly stay cool during heatwave

Visits to hospital emergency rooms for the treatment of heatstroke have been increasing in recent years due to fluctuations in the weather, resulting in mini-heatwaves. Brighton University is conducting research to understand the risk of developing heatstroke in the elderly, one of the population’s most vulnerable groups.

By monitoring volunteers in different environments, such as doing housework, and light to moderate exercise, and evaluating factors such as blood pressure and heart rate, they hope to develop an understanding of the risks of developing a heatstroke based illness.

Dr Neil Maxwell, Head of the University’s centre for sport and exercise science and medicine said; “The key aspect of improving heat sensitivity in a vulnerable population is knowing when they require an intervention. Therefore, specific interventions and advice can be provided to alleviate heat strain within the population”.

To find out more, read the full article here.

Complementary therapies included in pregnancy guidelines

Complementary therapy has been highlighted as potentially helpful for the management of nausea and vomiting of pregnancy and hyperemesis gravidarum, in guidelines by the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists.

Nausea

The guidelines on the management of nausea and vomiting of pregnancy and hyperemesis gravidarum cite a study by FHT expert adviser, Denise Tiran, providing evidence for the efficacy of ginger. It suggests that ‘oral ginger was more effective than placebo in reducing nausea and vomiting.’

In addition, acupressure was also revealed to have potential for alleviating nausea and vomiting in pregnant women. The guidelines cite a systematic review that addressed the efficacy of acustimulations (i.e. acupuncture, acupressure and electrical stimulation), which included 14 studies that demonstrated that acupressure applied by finger pressure or wristband reduced nausea and vomiting in pregnancy.

Read the guidelines here

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Study reveals low impact ecotherapy creates positivity in cancer patients

Low impact and cost effective ecotherapy activities, such as indoor gardening, can help instill feelings of positivity and control in cancer patients, according to research by University of Wales Trinity Saint David’s (UWTSD) academics.

Ecotherapy Study Team

Ecotherapy refers to the practice of encouraging individuals to engage in nature-based activities as a therapeutic method in order to gain physical and psychological benefits. These benefits are well documented, however, active outdoor activities are not always possible for people who are undergoing treatment for cancer or who are recovering from surgery.

Funded by the cancer charity Tenovus Cancer Care, academics from UWTSD’s School of Psychology in Swansea have conducted research to explore whether the known benefits of nature-based activities can be replicated in a low-cost, low-impact way. It was supported by Swansea-based Horticulturalist Julie Bowen from Gower Tree, Shrub and Plant Centre.

During the study, seven women with a breast cancer diagnosis were encouraged to cultivate and care for their own indoor garden bowl for a period of three months. They were also asked to record their daily experience of nurturing the bowl in a diary and to capture significant moments in photographs.

The results of the study revealed several main themes that suggested the participants found the process to be therapeutic. These are:

  • Reflecting their cancer journey –The bowl appeared to evoke reflection about their cancer journey and their daily changes in their own emotions and feelings.
  • A source of positivity – Looking after the bowl helped to create positive feelings of hope, pride and responsibility.
  • Making meaning through memories – A number of participants personalised their bowls with mementos of personal significance that produced positive memories.

The findings have been published in an online paper which can be accessed via ecancer.org/

Dr Ceri Phelps, co-author of the paper and Head of Psychology at UWTSD, said: ‘The take-home message from this unique study is that firstly, psychosocial interventions do not have to be complex, labour-intensive to deliver or costly; and secondly that we need to recognise the importance of providing psychosocial support to those affected by cancer at all stages of their cancer journey – often way beyond diagnosis and initial survivorship. We would like to thank all of the women who kindly agreed to take part in this study.”

Breakthrough in fighting liver disease

The University of Brighton is sharing in a €5.9m EU grant to support the development of a new treatment for chronic liver disease as part of a European consortium led by University College London. 

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Cirrhosis of the liver affects 29 million Europeans, claims 170,000 lives every year and costs the EU almost €16bn.There are several causes of liver disease but the increasing incidence of obesity and excessive alcohol consumption is causing a rapid rise in the number of cases seen across Europe.

Changes in the bacteria that populate the gut in patients with liver disease make the condition worse and leads to a range of additional health complications. Current treatments include the use of antibiotics to kill the gut bacteria but the long-term use of these drugs can result in antibiotic resistance and can be very costly.

The University of Brighton’s School of Pharmacy and Biomolecular Sciences will receive £189,751 of the grant for laboratory work to assist with trials of a new and safe nanoporous carbon that acts in the gut to reduce the entrance of bacterial products into the blood which exacerbate liver injury.

The school’s Dr Susan Sandeman said: ‘In cirrhosis, current therapy to prevent recurrent complications of advanced cirrhosis is to use poorly-absorbed antibiotics. But long-term antibiotic therapy has problems associated with bacterial resistance and this can prove costly.

‘We will be part of a consortium investigating the safety and efficacy of this novel nanoporous carbon in patients with liver disease and developing an innovative and cost-effective strategy for disease management.’

The EU research project, called CARBALIVE, has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement number 634579.

Read more about the University of Brighton’s research into biomaterials and medical devices.

Research study to help shape future of dementia care

 A study, which will shape the future of education and training around dementia within the NHS, has been launched by health researchers at three Yorkshire universities.

Adult son out for a walk with his father, who has alzheimers disease.
The research team, led by Claire Surr, Professor of Dementia Studies at Leeds Beckett University, alongside collaborators from the University of Bradford and the University of Leeds, will investigate the most effective approaches to training health and social care staff about dementia.

Results from the study will help ensure that money is invested in effective training that supports better care for people with dementia.

The study, the ‘What Works? Evaluation’, is funded by the Department of Health’s Policy Research Programme on behalf of Health Education England and is due to be completed in July 2017.

Speaking about the launch of the study, Professor Claire Surr said:  “Providing high quality care for people with dementia relies on knowledgeable and skilled staff. Research shows that effective education and training can, lead to better quality care. However, we also know not all training is effective, meaning it is wasting time and money. We need to know more about what effective dementia training, looks like and this research will provide the field with good evidence about the ingredients needed for effective dementia training.”

The ‘What Works?’ study will involve a survey to gather data on existing dementia training programmes. The researchers will then conduct more detailed research on selected programmes to look at how effective they are and identify ways they can be improved. They will then work with a number of organisations to implement the best training programmes they have identified to see which produce the best outcomes for people with dementia and provide the best value for money.

Professor Jan Oyebode from the University of Bradford added: “Dementia and dementia education finally have the profile and attention they deserve. We are heartened that Health Education England are putting money into this rigorous, in-depth evaluation of training, and at Bradford we are very pleased to be playing a central role in this, along with Professor Surr.”

The results of the research study will be used to develop policy and commissioning guidelines for use by the Government, Health Education England and Local Education and Training Boards (LETBs), alongside good practice guidelines for health and social care organisations and education and training providers.

David Meads, Associate Professor in Health Economics in the School of Medicine at the University of Leeds, said: “In the future, the research will help us to better understand which aspects of training and education programmes represent value for money. By diverting resources away from less effective programmes and towards more effective ones, the skills of dementia carers will be enhanced and better care and outcomes will follow for people with dementia.”

Professor David Sallah of Health Education England said: “Health Education England is committed to ensuring that the diagnosis, treatment and care of people with dementia in England should be among the best in Europe. We are particularly interested in knowing whether and how education and training is having a positive impact on staff attitudes, skills and behaviours; and delivering better outcomes for people living with dementia and their carers.” We are delighted to be working with Professor Claire Surr and colleagues to assess the effectiveness of our dementia education and training programme”.

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Good luck to Sally Kay, FFHT, FHT Expert Adviser and Excellence in Practice Award Winner, who will be giving a lecture about reflexology for the management of lymphoedema at the 8th European Conference of Reflexology in Madeira on 11 May. Sally has also been invited to run a breakout session at The Christie’s 15th Clinical Reflexology Conference (Palliative and End of Life Care) in Manchester on 17 May.

Read about Sally’s reflexology research here

Just 1 in 20 Britons drink recommended water amounts on hot holidays

New research looking into the holiday behaviour of Britons when abroad by an online travel agency in the UK has revealed that just 1 in 10 Britons drink the recommended amount of water during a hot break overseas; with the majority incorrectly assuming that caffeinated fizzy drinks or alcohol keep them well hydrated.

A new study by an online travel agency in the UK has revealed that Britons may not be drinking enough water whilst on a hot holiday abroad, despite risks of dehydration and sun stroke on these types of holidays.

www.sunshine.co.uk conducted the poll as part of ongoing research into the behaviour of Britons whilst on holiday overseas. 1,672 UK adults took part in the poll and all respondents had been on a hot holiday overseas in the last 12 months. Those taking part were asked to answer questions about their eating and drinking habits on holiday.

With the general recommendation being to drink 8 glasses of water per day (around 1.9litres) in normal circumstances, but more usually required in a hot environment, respondents were asked to estimate how much water they drank per day on their last holiday abroad. The average answer stated by those taking part was ‘1 litre’ (52%).

Just 9% of those taking part, almost 1 in 10, claimed that they drank the recommended 8 glasses of water or more per day on their last holiday abroad. Anyone that didn’t drink the recommended amount was asked why they didn’t, to which the most common answers were as follows:

  • Drank caffeinated fizzy drinks to keep hydrated – 27%
  • Drank alcohol to keep hydrated – 22%
  • Forgot – 19%
  • Didn’t feel like I needed it – 15%
  • Couldn’t afford to keep buying it – 9%

All respondents that didn’t drink the recommended amount of water on holiday were asked if they thought they had suffered as a result, to which 48% admitted that they had subsequently ‘felt ill’.

Chris Clarkson, Managing Director of sunshine.co.uk, said the following:

“The 8 glasses of water rule is just a rough guideline for everyday life, but people need to remember that the hot weather on holiday can make you sweat more and therefore make you more dehydrated. As a result, a higher water intake is needed and with alcohol and caffeinated drinks being well known diuretics, they just won’t do the same job as water when it comes to hydration.

“I’d hate to think of anyone ruining their holiday just by not drinking enough water. It’s common sense to have a bottle of water on you at all times when holidaying in a hot country, but just remember that mineral water is the way forward in most places, so don’t always go drinking from the tap!”

Image: iStockphoto

Natural England’s report highlights equal access to the natural environment

A new report published by Natural England looks at how five different social groups engage with the natural environment in England, including people living in urban deprived areas; the elderly (65+); those with physical disabilities or mental health illness; and people from black, Asian and minority ethnic [BAME] communities.

Natural England is committed to increasing the number and range of people who can experience and benefit from the natural environment. Through their ‘Outdoors for All’ programme, they are leading the Government’s ambition that ‘everyone should have fair access to a good quality natural environment’.

Read more here.

Image: 123RF